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Leopoldine, the relationship between man and nature in Valdichiana

The tuscan Valdichiana level ground, which was fertile in Etruscan and Roman ages, was transformed in a swamp but the emperor Enrico VII during the Middle Ages. Hydraulic works for barrier had closed the sea way to an ancient river, the Clanis. As a consequence, it also arrived the malaria and the depopulation of a land that became suddenly unlivable.

Towards the end of the XVIII sec, the Granduca di Toscana Pietro Leopoldo started the works of reclamation that allowed to restore the ancient aspect and the lost fertility to the land. The sign of these works can be especially seen in the Leopoldine. It is a series of farmers houses built to allowed the work in the field for the new resident farmers right there.

The Leopoldine follow clear architectural path. The separation between houses and workspaces, little window to take cover from the wind, external and cover steps with awning to take cover from the ice and rain.

The Leopoldine are the essence of the quality of life. They are a founder part of a natural view, entirely and with knowledge leaded by the man, as the traditional architecture and the tuscan landscapes hand down throughout centuries.